Clinical Case of Pregnancy and Follow-Up of Bartter Syndrome (Type II) with a Novel Mutation
Corresponding AuthorLaura Lūse
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
A B S T R A C T
Background: Bartter syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive inherited salt wasting tubulopathy, it`s incidence proportion is 1.2 cases per 1.000.000 live births. The present case - report discusses a clinical case of an antenatal Bartter syndrome (type II) with a novel mutation and it`s course from antenatal presentation to 6 months postpartum. Case Presentation: The case-report discusses a clinical case of an antenatal Bartter syndrome (type II) with a novel homozygous missense variant mutation in KCNJ1 gene: c.554C>T (p. Pro185Leu). Symptoms presented from 24 weeks of pregnancy as premature labour threats, maternal dyspnoea and severe polyhydramnios (amniotic fluid index 36 cm). Therapeutic interventions included use of indomethacin, dexamethasone, micronized progesterone and three consequent amnioreductions. Pregnancy was prolonged until 32 weeks and induced due to severe reoccurring polyhydramnios, progressing maternal dyspnoea and inability to perform next amnioreduction. Labour was complicated by severe placental abruption and new born – boy was referred to neonatal intensive care unit. Neonatal period was complicated by electrolyte abnormalities: hyponatremia, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, transient hyperkalaemia that gradually developed into hypokalaemia, hypercalcemia and elevated rennin and aldosterone levels characteristic to type II Bartter syndrome. At 6 months (corrected age 4 months) he is gaining weight within normal ranges and his psychomotor development is ahead of his corrected age, without any need for daily medications. Conclusion: The present case report describes the clinical course of a Bartter syndrome is of high importance, due to the reason that it shows clinical course of patient with novel mutation and offers one of the ways how to manage the disease. The described novel mutation may have favourable prognosis for neonate. The pregnancy should be managed as high-risk pregnancy with expertise in perinatal diagnostics and interventions. Early recognition, and interventions, are and essential to prolong a pregnancy and lessen prematurity complications.
Article TypeCase Report
Publication historyReceived: Wed 29, Apr 2020
Accepted: Tue 12, May 2020
Published: Mon 18, May 2020
Copyright© 2023 Laura Lūse. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Hosting by Science Repository.