What is the Best Choice for Esophageal Replacement in Children?
Corresponding AuthorAshjaei Bahar
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Children Medical Center of Excellence, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
A B S T R A C T
Esophageal replacement surgery is performed in children with either congenital long gap esophageal atresia or acquired esophageal damages such as caustic injury of the esophagus. although the left colon because of less variation in blood supply and suitable diameter in comparison with right colon is the better choice. A secured pedicled colon is mandatory for reducing the sever complications, such as leak and necrosis. Ileocolic conduit is an alternative method of colon interposition which has anti reflux effect and therefore with less complications related to gastroesophageal reflux. When we have a short segment esophageal stricture due to corrosive esophagitis or other causes of esophageal strictures which is refractory to repeated dilatations, it is advisable to perform colon patch esophagoplasty. Gastric transposition can produce a good way for gastrointestinal continuity with a perfect weight gain and oral feeding, therefor it can be a safe choice for esophageal replacement in children. Partial gastric pull-up is an alternative operation for esophageal replacement in children and infants with long gap esophageal atresia. Gastric conduit replacement is another alternative technique for esophageal replacement, in which a gastric tube is created in the abdomen and it is pulled to via thoracic cavity to the neck and is committed by cervical anastomosis. Antral patch esophagoplasty is used for benign and limited esophageal stricture due to gastroesophageal reflux. Usefulness of pedicled jejunum was under optimal results because of technical problems and high rate of necrosis and mortality for decades. Sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous esophagoplasty is a scarce method which is reported by some surgeons for limited cervical esophageal stricture repair. Free microvascular transfer of the reverse ileo-colon flap with ileocaecal valve valvuloplasty is used for reconstruction of a pharyngoesophageal defect, and Patch esophagoplasty by using of degradable bioscaffolds of extracellular matrix have shown good results in preclinical and clinical outcomes to prevent stenosis after endoscopic mucosectomy. We will explain the advantages and disadvantages of these different surgical methods in this review article.
Article TypeReview Article
Publication historyReceived: Tue 19, May 2020
Accepted: Wed 10, Jun 2020
Published: Mon 29, Jun 2020
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