A Phase II Dose Escalation Study of Intraarterial (Hepatic) Adult Human Bone Marrow Derived, Cultured, Pooled, Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (Stempeucel®) in Patients with Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis
Corresponding AuthorPawan Kumar Gupta
Stempeutics Research Pvt. Ltd., Manipal Hospitals Whitefield Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
A B S T R A C T
Background: Alcoholic liver cirrhosis is an end-stage alcoholic liver disease with a poor prognosis. The definitive treatment of alcoholic liver cirrhosis is orthotopic liver transplantation, which is expensive, requires long-term immunosuppression and is limited by the supply of organs. Being an unmet medical need, cell therapy is under investigation for alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Aims: This study was designed primarily for assessing the safety and feasibility of administering stempeucel® through the hepatic artery in alcoholic liver cirrhosis and secondarily to assess possible efficacy and dose-response. Methods: Sixty patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (18-65 years/Child-Pugh class B or C/Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score of minimum 10) were planned to be included in 6 groups: 2.5 million cells/kg Body Weight (2.5M Cell) and respective control (2.5M Control); 5 million cells/kg Body Weight (5M Cell) and respective control (5M Control); 7.5 million cells/kg Body Weight (5M Cell) and respective control (7.5M Control) with 10 patients in each group. Cell groups received stempeucel® administered via hepatic artery by catheterization through the femoral artery (Seldinger technique) and Standard Protocol of Care. The control group received Standard Protocol of Care. Patients were followed up at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months. Efficacy evaluations included liver function test, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, Child-Pugh score, Short Form-36 questionnaire, liver stiffness using Fibroscan (Transient Elastography), and liver volume using Computerized Tomography scan. Results: Stempeucel® injection was well tolerated. Common treatment-emergent adverse events were gastrointestinal disorders, general disorders and administration site conditions and infections and infestations. Most of the treatment-emergent adverse events were unrelated / remotely related to stempeucel®. Thirty serious adverse events occurred in 10 patients (3 in 2.5M Cell, 5 in 5M Cell and one each in control groups). Three patients died due to SAEs: Two in 2.5M and one in 5M Cell group, none were related to stempeucel®. Statistically significant improvement was seen in 2.5M group compared to the control group in Short Form-36 score: bodily pain, mental component summary, vitality and social functioning. Conclusion: Stempeucel® was safe, well-tolerated and subjective improvement in Short Form-36 (bodily pain, mental component summary, vitality and social functioning and mental health) score was seen in the 2.5M cell group.
Article TypeResearch Article
Publication historyReceived: Wed 14, Apr 2021
Accepted: Thu 29, Apr 2021
Published: Thu 13, May 2021
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