Idh-1 Status and Venous Thromboembolism in Glioma Patients

Idh-1 Status and Venous Thromboembolism in Glioma Patients

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Corresponding Author
Ahmed Aly
Department of Neurosurgery, Nottingham University Hospitals, Nottingham, United Kingdom

A B S T R A C T

Background: Venous thromboembolic events (VTE) are common causes of morbidity and mortality in glioblastoma patients. Mutation in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 enzyme (IDH1) is frequent in secondary glioblastoma and results in altered metabolomics. Objectives: This study evaluates whether IDH-1 status correlates with incidence of VTE in glioblastoma patients. Methods: Observational study of 398 cases of patients with glioblastoma, who all underwent surgery in a regional Neurosurgical centre between April 2012 and December 2014. IDH -1 status and Tissue factor (F3) protein expression were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) were diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound and pulmonary CT angiogram respectively. Results: 336 cases were wild type (WT) IDH-1 (94.1%) and 21 cases were IDH-1 mutated (R132H) (5.9%). 51 patients had a thromboembolic event (15.3%), with all cases of VTE in WT IDH-1 tumours, a rate of 21.8% within this group. IDH-1 status had a significant correlation with VTE (p=0.033 Fisher exact test). As expected, mutant IDH was associated with prolonged patient survival (p=0.024 Log rank). The mean expression in IDH-1 wild type GBM was 7.14 and in R132h mutant GBM was 4.87 (log2 scale). This was highly statistically significant with a corrected P value of less than 0.0001. Conclusion: A significant association exists between IDH1 status in glioblastoma patients and the risk of VTE. Patients with wild type IDH-1 appear at high risk of VTE and appropriate precautions should be considered

Article Info

Article Type
Research Article
Publication history
Received: Fri 04, Oct 2019
Accepted: Tue 05, Nov 2019
Published: Fri 22, Nov 2019
Copyright
© 2021 Ahmed Aly. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Hosting by Science Repository. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.31487/j.JSO.2019.04.04