Evaluation of the Number, Biophysical and Multipotent Characteristics of Adipose Derived Stem Cells Harvested by SEFFI Procedure and Interaction with Different Type of Hyaluronic Acids
Corresponding AuthorAlessandro Gennai
Plastic Surgeon, Private Practice, Studio Gennai, Bologna, Italy
A B S T R A C T
Background: Injection of autologous adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and a stromal vascular fraction (VSF) into dermal and subdermal layers promises regenerative advantages by improving skin volume and rejuvenation. Injectable hyaluronic acid (HA) is a temporary dermal filler that, by improving skin hydration, reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, facial folds and creates structure and volume to the face and lips. This study combined the grafting of micro fragmented fatty tissue with the hyaluronic acid filler procedure, using three different types of HA. Methods: Each sample of micro fragmented adipose tissue harvested using the superficial enhanced fluid fat injection (SEFFI) technique collected from 8 patients were equally divided into two specimens. One of these (EMU specimens) was emulsified by gently applying ten back-and-forth passages from one syringe to another to fluidify the tissue. The other one was not emulsified (Ctrl/NON-EMU specimen). Both EMU and NON-EMU specimens were divided into four aliquots: one served as control, and the others were combined with each of three tested hyaluronic acids. Afterward, we assessed the cellularity of mesenchymal phenotype (defined as the number of adherent cells with mesenchymal phenotype per milliliter of adipose tissue) and the in vitro capacity of differentiation in mesenchymal lineages. Results: Despite low cellularity from emulsified samples combined with HA, isolated cells could grow and expand in culture, thus proving their proliferative ability, showing “good quality” in all conditions (Ctrl/NON-EMU, EMU, and combined with HA). The cells could differentiate towards mesenchymal lineages, express mesenchymal markers by flow cytometry analysis, and maintain their stemness potential. Conclusion: The combination of emulsified harvested tissue with HA products can be exploited to counteract the loss of volume and skin aging of the human face and body. This approach to regenerative aesthetic treatment is a promising treatment for facial antiaging therapy.
Article TypeResearch Article
Publication historyReceived: Fri 10, Sep 2021
Accepted: Thu 07, Oct 2021
Published: Thu 21, Oct 2021
Copyright© 2023 Alessandro Gennai. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Hosting by Science Repository.