Autologous Adipose-Derived Stem Cells, Platelet-Rich Plasma, and Fibrin Enhance Healing of Mandibular Bone Defects in Swine
Corresponding AuthorMatthew B. Wheeler
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA
A B S T R A C T
The primary aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic effects of autologous platelet-rich plasma and fibrin scaffolds combined with autologous adipose stem cells (ASCs) for critical-size defects in the pig mandible. Fibrin scaffolds supplemented with calcium hydrogen phosphate and platelet-derived growth factors were hypothesized to accelerate healing in porcine mandible bone compared to ASC-only injections and untreated controls. Three treatments included the use of autologous ASCs from liposuction with the addition of platelet-rich plasma, fibrin scaffolds, or as cell-only controls. All three treatments using ASCs were determined to increase bone mineral density and bone volume fraction compared to untreated controls. In general, the addition of both platelet-rich plasma and fibrin scaffolds to autologous ASCs from liposuction improved bone healing of critical-size defects.
Article TypeResearch Article
Publication historyReceived: Wed 27, May 2020
Accepted: Wed 10, Jun 2020
Published: Thu 18, Jun 2020
Copyright© 2023 Matthew B. Wheeler. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Hosting by Science Repository.