Primary Leiomyosarcoma of the Lumbar Spine: A Case Report and Literature Review

Primary Leiomyosarcoma of the Lumbar Spine: A Case Report and Literature Review

Author Info

Corresponding Author
Eric Luis
RUMC-Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland & University College Dublin (Malaysia Campus), Penang, Malaysia

A B S T R A C T

Primary vertebral leiomyosarcoma of the spine is extremely rare. Due to its rarity, the number of studies on pathology, treatment and prognosis is limited. Tissue Biopsy and Immunohistochemical staining techniques provide unequivocal diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma. The mainstay of treatment of spinal leiomyosarcoma is surgery, with or without radiotherapy and embolization. The principles of surgery comprise resection of tumor, decompression and stabilisation of the spinal cord and prevention of tumor recurrence. The Tomita total en-bloc resection is the preferred surgical technique. We hereby present a literature review of spinal leiomyosarcoma and a case report of the first case of a 56-year-old lady in Malaysia who was diagnosed with L3 vertebral leiomyosarcoma and lung metastasis.

Article Info

Article Type
Case Report and Review of the Literature
Publication history
Received: Tue 08, Dec 2020
Accepted: Mon 21, Dec 2020
Published: Thu 14, Jan 2021
Copyright
© 2021 Eric Luis. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Hosting by Science Repository. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.31487/j.SCR.2021.01.02