Clinical Profiles and One-Year Prognosis of Heart Failure in a Sub-Saharan Country of Africa

Clinical Profiles and One-Year Prognosis of Heart Failure in a Sub-Saharan Country of Africa

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Kassi Anicet Adoubi
Institut de Cardiologie d’Abidjan, Côte d’ivoire

A B S T R A C T

Background: New classification of heart failure according to ejection fraction calls for exploring in black Africans. Objectives: To determine our patient's characteristics and prognosis of the subtypes of heart failure. Methods: We analysed data from consecutive black African patients hospitalised for heart failure at Heart Institute of Abidjan in 2018 and followed up for one year. Results: Were considered 251 heart failure patients (age: 55.5 ± 16.3 years, 63.7% of males) with preserved (HFpEF) (18.7%), mid-range (HFmrEF) (17.6%), and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (63.7%). HFpEF patients were older (p <0.0001) and had more frequently. acute pulmonary oedema. From an echocardiographic point of view, HFpEF patients had, on average, a smaller left ventricle than the other patients (p <0.001), but a larger left atrium (p <0.05). Clinically, these patients were admitted more often with acute pulmonary oedema (p = 0.01) and had more often comorbidities (p=0.00)4. However, survival was better with HFpEF patients than HFrEF patients (log-rank = 4.61; p = 0.032). HFmrEF patients have an intermediate profile. Conclusion: In our context, although they have the same expression, HFrEF and HFPEF appear very different. We need further studies for a better understanding of HFmrEF.

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Article Type
Research Article
Publication history
Received: Tue 05, Jul 2022
Accepted: Thu 21, Jul 2022
Published: Fri 05, Aug 2022
Copyright
© 2021 Kassi Anicet Adoubi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Hosting by Science Repository.
DOI: 10.31487/j.JICOA.2022.03.01