Right-Sided Permanent Pacemaker Implantation in Patients with Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava with Absent Right Superior Vena Cava: 3-Case Series, Technique and Discussion

Right-Sided Permanent Pacemaker Implantation in Patients with Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava with Absent Right Superior Vena Cava: 3-Case Series, Technique and Discussion

Author Info

Corresponding Author
Calin Siliste
University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, Bucharest, Romania

A B S T R A C T

Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common variant of abnormal venous return to the heart. While usually asymptomatic, it is known to complicate transvenous cardiac procedures, such as implantation of cardiac electronic devices and ablations. PLSVC can present with or without the concomitant absence of right superior vena cava (RSVC). Depending on the operator's preference, implantation of permanent cardiac pacemakers (PPMs) may be performed from the left or right side. As most often the PLSVC is only identified at the time of intervention, it follows that the variant with the absence of RSVC can be diagnosed in practice only when implanting from the right side. For this reason, the true prevalence of this variant is largely unknown because most published cases of cardiac device implantations in patients with PLSVC have been performed from the left side. We present a short 3-case series of PPM implantations in a tertiary center from the right side in patients with PLSVC and absent RSVC. We found that the use of a standard curve for ventricular lead septal placement and a wide C-curve for right atrial lead placement in these patients was a feasible technique with good outcomes.

Article Info

Article Type
Case Report
Publication history
Received: Mon 17, May 2021
Accepted: Mon 31, May 2021
Published: Fri 11, Jun 2021
Copyright
© 2021 Calin Siliste. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Hosting by Science Repository. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.31487/j.JICOA.2021.02.01